Sample Chapter – Pokagon State Park – Trine State Recreation Area

Sample Chapter
Pokagon State Park
Trine State Recreation Area

Trine State Recreation Area
The newly-opened Trine State Recreation Area is also a part of Pokagon State Park. The 186 acres are steeped in natural and cultural history. No private boats are allowed but boat rentals are available. Fishing is allowed from rented boats or the pier. Easy to moderate trails offer hiking opportunities and when there’s enough snow, a large sledding hill is open. Family cabins plus the Wild Turkey Shelter are available to rent. The entrance fee into Pokagon State Park is $5 per Indiana car and $7 per out-of-state car.

Trine State Recreation
145 W. Feather Valley Rd.
Fremont, IN 46737
(260) 833-2012
http://ai.org/dnr/parklake/2973.htm

186 Acres
Established 2007
Reservation Information at this Link

 

Trine State Recreation Area History
Wing Haven Resort
Established in 1948 by Ben and Helen Swenson, Wing Haven featured 12 cabins, nature trails and a nature cabin. Helen named each of the cabins after birds and themed the decorations of the cabin to match the bird it was named for. The Swensons had served at innkeepers at nearby Pokagon State Park, purchasing the property to operate as a resort.
Benjamin Franklin “Ben” Swenson (October 22, 1904 – July 21, 1954)
The son of George H. and Hildegard Benson, Benjamin was native to Chicago, Illinois. Before moving to Indiana, Swenson managed the Windermore East Hotel in Chicago. From there he moved, with his wife, Helen Aldrich Swenson, migrated to Porter County, Indiana where Ben managed Dunes State Park. Helen painted a map of the Beverly Shores region in 1936. He became the manager of Potawatami Inn at Pokagon State Park in 1937. In 1951 Ben and Helen purchased a piece of nearby propery and established the Wing Haven Resort. After Ben’s death in 1954, Helen managed the property until 1983. Ben is interred at Lindenwood Cemetery in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

Helen Mowry Aldrich Swenson (August 17, 1906 – April 8, 1983)
The daughter of Cassius Mowry and Blanche Edith Pierce Aldrich, Helen was native to Kalamazoo, Michigan. Helen attended the Art Institute of Chicago, after which she worked as a commercial artist in Chicago, Illinois. She mainly illustrated children’s books and designed greeting cards for the Art Institute of Chicago. She met, and married Ben Swenson in 1933. When Ben moved to Indiana to manage Indiana Dunes State Park she painted a map of the Beverly Shores area. She and Ben took over management of the Pokagon State Park Inn in 1936. While there she painted the 1937 Pokagon State Park map. When she and Ben purchased and established Wing Haven Resort in 1951 she named each of the 12 cabins after birds and decorated them, theming them to match each bird. She also sold her paintings at the resort. After Ben’s death she continued to manage the resort until she sold it in 1972. After her death she was interred in East Hickory Corners Cemetery, Hickory Corners, Barry County, Michigan.
Camp Calvary
Helen Swenson sold the property to a Fort Wayne church in 1972. The church named it Camp Calvary and operated it as a church camp, adding more facilities, as needed. Later on the name was changed to Oakhill Resort and Conference Center. ACRES Land Trust acquired part of the property in 2007 and assisted the Indiana Department of Natural Resources in purchasing the rest.

From the website:
ACRES Land Trust is a member-based nonprofit protecting land and preserving natural areas for good. Together with our members, we serve families and communities in northeast Indiana, southern Michigan and northwest Ohio:

ACRES Land Trust
1802 Chapman Rd,
Huntertown, IN 46748
(260) 637-2273

Pokegon Indiana State Park

Pokegon Indiana State Park


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Published sometime in 2021

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Clifty Falls Indiana State Park – Sample Chapter – Geology

Sample Chapter

Clifty Falls Indiana State Park

General Geology Clifty Falls State Park

The area of Clifty Falls State Park lies on an area geologists call the Cincinnati Arch. This geological formation stretches between the Illinois Basin, in south central Illinois, and the Appalachian Basin, which slants southwest through eastern Virginia. The rock layers in the area of the park slant towards the west with the younger rock faces to the west and the older to the east. The exposed rock is mostly composed of a substance geologists call Laurel Dolomite. This rock is more resistant to erosion that the rocks on either side of the park, thus it formed a ridge through the park and nearby Madison. This ridge created a drainage divide. Precipitation falling east of this divide flows eastward and that falling west of the divide fell west. Rains that fell in the Madison area cascaded over the harder Dolomite, forming waterfalls and cascades that tumbled into the deeper Ohio River. The falls at Clifty Falls originally fell directly into the river, however over the centuries the running water carved the current canyon that runs from the falls to the Ohio River, about 2 miles to the south. The falls is at an elevation of 658 feet above sea level and the Ohio River is at 432 feet above sea level, so the stream bed is about 226 feet below the canyon rim near the river.  Since the rock on both sides of the canyon slants west, rainwater on the east percolates down through the rock on the eastern canyon wall, forming springs that freeze into the beautiful frozen waterfalls on the east face of the canyon. This percolating water creates openings in the rock that over many years break it apart, causing the large boulders seen at the canyons base. The water on the western rim falls to the west, thus the western face is more stable as the water does not percolate through it.© 2020 Paul Wonning

Clifty Falls Indiana State Park

Clifty Falls Indiana State Park
Description:
Clifty Falls State Park offers visitors a premier hiking experience as well as wonderful camping opportunities. This guide includes the history of the park as well as historical and tourism information for Madison and Jefferson County, Indiana. 
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McCormick’s Creek State

ParkTurkey Run Indiana State Park

Clifty Falls Indiana State Park

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Table of Contents
Introduction
Park Information
General Geology Clifty Falls State Park
History of Clifty Falls
Clifty Falls Picnicking
Clifty Falls State Park Shelters
Camping at Clifty Falls State Park
Hiking Trails at Clifty Falls
Brough’s Folly
Tennis and Playfields
Clifty Falls State Park Waterfalls
Clifty Inn and Restaurant
Swimming Pool / Waterslide
Nature Center
Clifty Falls State Park Waterfalls
Park Features
Jefferson County
Madison, Indiana
Historic Madison
Lanier Mansion
Jefferson County Historical Society Museum
Madison Walking Tours
Madison Parks
Jefferson County Historical Markers
Madison Movie Theaters
Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge
Auto Trails in Jefferson County
Hanover College
Jefferson County Farms and Farm Markets
Madison Wineries
Madison Golf Courses
Timeline of Indiana State Parks
Indiana County – Back Road Numbering System
Acknowledgements
About the Author
Mossy Feet Books Catalogue
Sample Chapter
Indiana’s Timeless Tales – Pre-History to 1781

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Sample Chapter – Turkey Run State Park – Covered Bridges at the Park

Sample Chapter
Turkey Run State Park
Covered Bridges at the Park

Narrows Covered Bridge
Constructed by Parke County bridge builder Joseph A. Britton, this 121 foot long covered bridge spans Sugar Creek. Many consider this bridge the first one constructed by Britton, whose first wife died while he was building it. He met his second wife, who lived on a nearby farm, while working on it. Two other bridges had spanned the creek at this site previously. Both called the Salmon Lusk Bridge, they first one lasted from 1840 until 1847. The second one from 1847 until 1875. The 1882 Narrows Bridge replaced the second one. The current concrete bridge that carries Narrows Road over Sugar Creek bypassed the Narrows Bridge in 1966.
Most Visited Bridge
The Narrows Covered Bridge is the most visited bridge in Indiana. It carries Narrows Road over Sugar Creek, however it is not open to motorized traffic. Hikers may cross the bridge and enjoy the view of Sugar Creek and watch canoeists float by.  Three of the trails at popular Turkey Run State Park cross it and hundreds of canoeists each year pass under it each summer on their way down Sugar Creek. The bridge is open to pedestrian traffic only. The National Register of Historic Places listed it on December 22, 1978.
Bridgehunter.com ID BH 44674
Joseph Albert Britton (June 9, 1838 – Jan. 18, 1929)
The son of   Charlton and Julia Britton, Joseph was native to Rockville, Indiana. He spent his boyhood in a log cabin while his father taught him the carpenter trade. Known locally as J.A. Britton, Joseph constructed over 40 covered bridges in Parke, Putnam, and Vermillion counties during a 33 year period.
Civil War
After the outbreak of the Civil War, Brittan enlisted in the Eighty-fifth Indiana Infantry, Company A. The Confederates surrounded his company during their first engagement on March 5, 1863 and captured them. The Confederates held them until March 31 at Libbey Prison. On that day they took part in a prisoner exchange and returned to combat. The Company returned to action and mustered out June 12, 1865 .
Law Practice
After leaving the army, Britton read law and gained admittance to the Indiana and Kansas bars. He practiced in Kansas, but decided he did not like law practice.
Return to Rockville
Thus, he returned to Rockville and took up carpentry, building houses until around 1879. He started building covered bridges in that year, and would continue building for another 33 years. His first contract for a bridge came in 1882. This was the Narrow’s Bridge that is now in Turkey Run State park. He preferred the short, Burr Arch Trussone span bridges. Many of his bridges are listed on the  National Register of Historic Places.
Britton would marry twice, the first time to Mary E. Jones on Sep 25, 1862. Mary died in 1884 and he married Bertha Hirshbruner on September 13, 1888. he would have eight  sons and four daughters. Several of his sons entered the bridge building business.
Joseph Albert Britton died in 1929 and is interred in Rockville Cemetery.

Cox Ford Covered Bridge
Constructed in 1913 by renowned bridge builder J. A. Britton, the Cox Ford Bridge carries Cox Ford Road over Sugar Creek on the southern border of Turkey Run State Park. The burr arch-truss is 191 feet long, 15 feet wide and is 13 feet above the creek level. The National Register of Historic Places listed the bridge on December 22, 1978. The park incorporated it into its care in 1965. The Cox Ford Canoe Ramp is a short distance downstream from the bridge and allows public boat access to Sugar Creek.

Turkey Run Indiana State Park

Turkey Run Indiana State Park
Hikers will love the rugged, magnificent trails at Turkey Run State Park in Parke County, Indiana. Stay at Turkey Run Inn and dine in the restaurant or camp in the beautiful campground. Canoeists can float down Sugar Creek, which traverses two State Parks. Considered the Covered Bridge Capitol of Indiana, Parke County maintains several lovely covered bridge auto tours which allow visitors to drive through the countryside and see the 31 surviving covered bridges in the county.
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 Other Books in the Series
McCormick’s Creek State Park
Turkey Run Indiana State Park
Clifty Falls State Park
Brown County State Park

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Table of Contents

Turkey Run State Park General Information
Turkey Run State Park History
Turkey Run Inn
Camping
Turkey Run Picnic Shelters
Nature Center
Turkey Run Saddle Barn
Swimming Pool
Fishing
Turkey Run State Park Hiking Trails
Tennis & Other Games
Covered Bridges
Park Features
Canoe Ramps
National Register of Historic Places Document – Turkey Run State Park
Parke County
Historic Markers – Parke County
Rockville
Park County Covered Bridge Auto Tours
Black Driving Route
Crook’s Covered Bridge
McAllister Covered Bridge
Neet Covered Bridge
Bridgeton
Bridgeton Grist Mill
Bridgton Covered Bridge
Baldridge House
Mansfield Covered Bridge
Mansfield Village
Rocky Fork Bridge
Cecil M. Hardin Lake
Raccoon Lake State Recreation Area
Red Driving Route
Thorpe Ford Covered Bridge
Rosedale, Indiana
Roseville Covered Bridge
Harry Evans Covered Bridge – Optional, not on any route
Mecca, Indiana
Mecca Covered Bridge
Blue Driving Route
Beeson Covered Bridge
Marshall Arch
Marshall, Indiana
Parke County Highways
Major Park County Waterways
Timeline of Indiana State Parks
Indiana County – Back Road Numbering System
Acknowledgements
About the Author
Mossy Feet Books Catalogue
Sample Chapter
Short History of Fire Fighting – Indiana Edition
February 20, 1940 – The Great Circus Fire


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© 2020 Paul Wonning

Nature Center/Interpretive Naturalist Services Sample Chapter McCormick’s Creek State Park

Nature Center/Interpretive Naturalist Services 
Sample Chapter
McCormick’s Creek State Park 

Nature Center/Interpretive Naturalist Services
Located near the center of the park between Hillcrest and Redbud shelters, the Nature Center is open all year. CCC workers completed construction on the building in 1935. The Nature Center opened the next year, in 1936. It includes exhibits on natural history and is the headquarters for the entire naturalist led activities in the park. Behind the Nature Center visitors will find a self-guiding nature trail.
Visitors will find program schedules at the Nature Center or by calling 812-829-4344. Online, obtain one at this link.

McCormick’s Creek Interpretive Center
250 McCormick’s Creek Park Road
Spencer, IN 47460
(812) 829-4344

Fulfilling a vision of Richard Lieber that a nature guide be provided at each Indiana State Park, Lucy Pitschler began voluntarily conducting naturalist hikes in 1923. The popularity of her hikes led to the hiring of full time naturalists at the park in 1927 at McCormick’s Creek and Clifty Falls State Park. The first youth programs began at McCormick’s Creek in the 1930’s. By 1941 the program had expanded to 8 state parks. Spring Mill State Park began offering cave tours in the mid 1930’s. The staff offered two tours, a short one, which cost 10 cents, and a long one, that cost $1.00. 35,000 people took these tours in 1937. By 1949 Shades, Brown County, Clifty Falls, Dunes, McCormick’s Creek, Pokagon, Spring Mill and Turkey Run State Parks had summer long programs while spring and fall programs took place at Dunes, Pokagon and Turkey Run.
Lucy Pitschler (c1887 – ?)
The author has been able to obtain only sketchy details about Lucy Pitschler. Apparently the daughter of Heinrich Pitschler, Lucy was probably native to Saxony, Germany. She arrived at Ellis Island in New York on October 25, 1910 when she was 23 years old. An artist and photographer, she migrated to Indianapolis. Lucy established the naturalist service at McCormick’s Creek State Park. Dubbed the  “little Lady With Tennis Shoes,” Lucy began conducting nature walks at McCormick’s Creek State Park. The Nature Study Club of Indianapolis sponsored her activities at the park for three weeks. The following year the State of Indiana began paying Miss Pitschler for her services. Many consider her program as the beginning of the naturalist program in Indiana State Parks. The Department of Natural Resources presents the  Lucy Pitschler Award each year for outstanding naturalists in the Indiana State Park system.

McCormick’s Creek Indiana State Park

McCormick’s Creek Indiana State Park
Description:Visitors will find Indiana’s first State Park, established in 1916, full of history, hiking, picnicking and other fun outdoor activities. Camp at the campground, luxuriate at Canyon Inn or relax in a family cabin. This tourism and history guide to McCormick’s Creek State Park includes a wealth of information about the park, nearby Spencer and Owen County, Indiana. The Owen County area is a wonderful place to spend a family vacation.
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Table of Contents

Introduction/General Information
General Geography
History
Canyon Inn
Family Cabins
Camping at McCormick’s Creek
Group Camping
Youth Tent
Nature Center/Interpretive Naturalist Services
Picnicking/Shelters
Hiking Trails
Recreation Buildings
Saddle Barn and Trail Rides
Fire Tower
Tennis Courts
Recreation Center
Swimming / Pool
Old State House Quarry
Wolf Cave
Historic Peden Farm Site
McCormick’s Creek Falls
CCC Stone Arch Bridge
McCormick’s Creek State Park Gatehouse
Miscellaneous Buildings
Civilian Conservation Corps at McCormick’s Creek State Park
McCormick’s Cove Nature Preserve
Wolf Cave Nature Preserve
Surrounding Area
Canoe Float – White River
Owen County
Owen County Courthouse
Owen County Indiana Visitors Center
Green’s Bluff Nature Preserve
Beanblossom Bottoms Nature Preserve
Owen-Putnam State Forest
Cataract Falls State Recreation Area
Cataract Falls Covered Bridge
Owen County Heritage & Culture Center
Historic Marker – Camp Hughes
Cagle Mill Lake
Spencer
Tivoli Theatre
Owen County Art Guild
Indiana State Road 46
Bloomington, Indiana
Monroe County
Morgan-Monroe State Forest
Timeline of Indiana State Parks
Indiana County – Back Road Numbering System
About the Author
Mossy Feet Books Catalogue
Sample Chapter
Sample Chapter
Pre-History to 1781 – Shawnees in Indiana

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© 2020 Paul Wonning