Sample Chapter – A History of Ohio County, Indiana – Cass Township

Sample Chapter

A History of Ohio County, Indiana

Cass Township

Cass Township
Organized – 1845
Area Total – 18.54 sq mi
Elevation – 830 ft
Population (2010) – 714

Unincorporated towns
Aberdeen
Bascom Corner
Blue
Cofield Corner
Downey Corner

Geography
Cass Township is located in the south-central region of Ohio County. Pike Township bounds it to the west, Union to the north and Randolph to the east. Switzerland County forms the southern boundary. Indiana State Road 262 crosses the northern portion of the township. Indiana State Road 56 crosses the southern part. Main backroads include Cass Union, on a north/south axis, and Aberdeen Road, on an east/west axis. These two roads meet at Aberdeen in the south-central part of the township.

Thumbnail History
The earliest land sales occurred in 1810, with James Curry and Jesse Drake as the first recorded settlers in the township. These early settlers and the ones that followed recorded little problems with the Indians other than stolen horses. By the 1830’s several horse mills were grinding grain for local farmers and sawmills to turn trees into lumber. Several coopers were located in the township making barrels that found use in shipping materials down the Ohio River. They sold these barrels mostly in Rising Sun. The township was organized in 1845.

A History of Ohio County, Indiana

Table of Contents

 

Description:

Published Early 2021

Sample Chapter

A History of Ohio County serves as a great historical resource for home school students and Indiana history buffs. It includes information on museums, historical markers, National Register of Historic Sites and other areas of historical interest in Ohio County, Indiana. The guide is a great help in planning field trips as local parks and nature preserves are included in the book, as well. Readers will discover historical information on Ohio County cities and towns like Rising Sun as well as the smaller communities in the county. Home schooling parents and local history buffs can use the book as a guide to finding Ohio County’s historical treasure for fun and educational field trips.

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Sample Chapter – A History of Dearborn County, Indiana – Thumbnail History

Sample Chapter

A History of Dearborn County, Indiana

Thumbnail History

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1798 – Israel Ludlow Surveys True Meridian That Became Indiana/Ohio State Line

By October 1798 Ludlow had completed surveying the Greenville Treaty line and was ready to begin surveying the Symmes tract in the region of the Great Miami River. Before he could begin surveying this, he needed to have a true north/south meridian from which he could base the remainder of the survey. The Northwest Territory Act had mandated that 5, and not more than 7, states be created from the vast territory. It had stated that the border between an “eastern state,” and a “middle,” state consist of a true meridian that proceeded due north from a point where the Great Miami River enters the Ohio River. thus, Ludlow began surveying the true meridian that would become the line between the new Indiana Territory and the old Northwest Territory in 1800. In 1803 Ohio would become a state. The meridian survives today as the border between Ohio and Indiana.

Early Settlement

The first reported settlers began filtering into what is now Dearborn County along the Ohio River in 1794. Local lore suggests George Groves built the first log cabin on the banks of Laughery Creek. Another early settler, Nicholas Cheek,  settled along Wilson Creek. Other accounts hold that Adam Flade was the first settler on land along South Hogan Creek in January 1796. Revolutionary War Veteran Ephraim Morrison followed, building the first log cabin and clearing the first trees along Hogan Creek somewhere in present day Aurora. Other settlers followed these first pioneers. These first settlers were squatters who did not have clear title to the land they occupied.

April 06, 1801 – Land Office in Cincinnati Began Selling Land

Already Settled

Settlers had already “squatted,” on much of the land that was now on the market. The Whitewater and Laughery Creek valleys already contained cabins, farms and small settlements. The people that lived on these tracts did not own title to the lands, rather they possibly hoped to purchase their selections when the land office opened. Nonetheless, when the land office opened in Cincinnati people did not flock to the land office. The first purchases in what is now Dearborn County did not occur until April 9.

The opening of the land office gave people their first chance at purchasing the lands in southeastern Indiana. Joseph Hayes made the first recorded land purchase in Dearborn County on April 9, 1801. Many of the early squatters had to leave their land, as most could not afford the $2.00 per acre. In 1796 the minimum tract of land that the government would sell was 640 acres, which put the price of land far above what the average pioneer could afford. The Harrison Land Act of 1800 reduced this amount to 320 acres, which was still more than most cash strapped pioneers could pay. Thus, many of those moving into the area before 1801 had to leave their homesteads when others purchased the land.

The Gore

When the Indiana Territory formed in 1800, the region that is now Dearborn County remained part of the Northwest Territory which had Cincinnati as its capitol. It lay west of the Prime Meridian surveyed by Israel Ludlow in 1798. The triangular area of land west of this line included all of what is now Dearborn and Ohio Counties, was called the Gore. Parts of Switzerland, Ripley, Franklin, Wayne, Union and Randolph Counties were also in the Gore. When Congress passed the enabling act on April 2, 1802, that allowed Ohio to begin the statehood process, they detached the Gore from the Northwest Territory and attached it to the Indiana Territory. The Prime Meridian surveyed by Ludlow in 1798 became the line separating Ohio from the Indiana Territory.

Formation of Dearborn County

Indiana Territorial Governor William Henry Harrison attached the region that became Dearborn County to Wayne County on January 24, 1803. Before this the region had no governmental organization. Harrison organized Dearborn County on March 7, 1803, naming it after Dr. Henry Dearborn who served as President Thomas Jefferson’s Secretary of War at the time Harrison formed the county. The first court took place in September 1803. One of the earliest offenders was found guilty of striking a judge with a clap board. His sentence included confinement in a pen constructed of logs and rails. His neck was placed in a stock made from two wooden rails. The first Dearborn County jail was built in 1804. The county line followed the Greenville Treaty line, which separated it from Jefferson County. The original Dearborn County included current Ohio and Franklin Counties.

Lawrenceburg County Seat

Harrison deemed Lawrenceburg, platted in 1802, as the county seat. Lawrenceburg would remain the county seat until 1835, when it moved to Wilmington. The county seat remained in Wilmington for eight years.

Separation

Franklin County was separated from Dearborn County in 1811, establishing the current northern boundary. Ripley County separated from Dearborn County 1818Disputes between Rising Sun and Lawrenceburg over the location of the county seat caused the county seat to be moved from Lawrenceburg to Wilmington in 1835, as that town was closer to the center of the county. A new brick court house was constructed in Wilmington. Ohio County was created and separated from Dearborn County in 1844 and the Dearborn County seat shifted back to Lawrenceburg.

A History of Dearborn County, Indiana

Table of Contents

Description:

A History of Dearborn County serves as a great historical resource for home school students and Indiana history buffs. It includes information on museums, historical markers, National Register of Historic Sites and other areas of historical interest in Dearborn County, Indiana. The guide is a great help in planning field trips as local parks and nature preserves are included in the book, as well. Readers will discover historical information on Dearborn County cities and towns like Aurora, Lawrenceburg, Greendale the smaller communities in the county. Home schooling parents and local history buffs can use the book as a guide to finding Dearborn County’s historical treasure for fun and educational field trips.

Sample Chapter

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Table of Contents

County History
Power of Indiana Counties
Local Government Organization in Indiana
Constitutionally Created County Officials
County Finances
Meetings and Records
Basic Dearborn County Information
Geography
Thumbnail History
Henry Dearborn
Dearborn County Court House
Townships
Incorporated Cities and Towns
Aurora
Dillsboro, Indiana
Greendale, Indiana
Lawrenceburg, Indiana
Moores Hill, Indiana
Saint Leon, Indiana
Census-Designated Places
Bright
Hidden Valley
Unincorporated Communities
Dearborn County National Register of Historic Places
Aurora National Register of Historic Places Sites
Downtown Lawrenceburg Historic District
Dearborn County – Museums
Dearborn County Historical Markers
Indiana Historical Bureau Markers
Dearborn County Underground Railroad
Dearborn County Cemeteries
Dearborn County Parks
Dearborn County Fair
Dearborn County Fire Departments
Dearborn County Libraries
Dearborn County Auto Trails
Dearborn County Historic Bridges
Dearborn County Waterways
Dearborn County Time Line
Indiana County – Back Road Numbering System
Acknowledgements
About the Author
Mossy Feet Books Catalogue
Sample Chapter
Indiana’s Timeless Tales – Pre-History to 1781

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